Monitoring the variation in land use and land cover LULC for some agricultural districts of Ramadi in Anbar Governorate – Iraq using GIS
Geospatial technologies were used in the study of variability in LULC for four years 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2020 in 15 agricultural districts, located on the left bank of the Euphrates River, within the area bounded between the cities of Ramadi and Khalidiya in Anbar Governorate, located between longitudes 43̊ 36' 22" -43̊ 15' 22" E and 33̊ 31' 05" - 33̊ 23' 25" N, covering an area of 18,163.5 hectares. The results showed a large variation in the types of ground covers between 1990 and 2020. Albu-Farraj recorded a very large decrease in its agricultural lands with an area of 567.45 hectares, offset by an increase in the urban or built-up area of 28.84%. While it was noted that Mahoz district recorded the largest increase in the area of the barren lands type during the study period by 30.78%. That the classification accuracy for the LULC indicator was 100% for the types of buildings and water, while it was 83% for the agricultural lands category, and barren lands ranked last, with an accuracy rate of 75%. That the overall accuracy of the directed rating was 86.7%, while the Kappa Coefficient was 81.1% for this rating
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