The possibility of using smart irrigation in the fixed sprinkler irrigation system and its impact on the performance of the system and the growth and production of the maize yield


  • Abdulrazzak Abdullatif Jasim National Center for Water Resources Management, Ministry of Water Resources, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Khaldoun Ibrahim Abbas Dep. Agricultural Machinery and Machinery - College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences - University of Baghdad


smart irrigation, operating pressure, sprinkler service area, maize yield


A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of the operating pressure of the fixed sprinkler irrigation system on some soil properties and maize production at Al-Raad research station located in the Akkarouf area on the Abu Ghraib-Shala road, 1 km north of the highway (Baghdad - Anbar) for the agricultural season 2021. Three Operating Pressure Levels for fixed irrigation system included: 1, 1.5 and 2 bar. The following characters were studied, which are the amount of water used during the season, sprinkler service area, plant height and maize yield. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used with three replications, and the least significant difference under probability (LSD= 0.05) was used to compare the averages of the transactions. The results showed the following: The superiority of the operational pressure of 1 bar in the amount of water used during the season (81 m3. Season-1), superiority of the operating pressure of 2 bar in obtaining the the highest value of the sprinkler service area was 367.71 m2, the highest plant height was 190.11 cm, and the highest yield of the crop was 6.46 tons. ha-1 comparing with other treatments.



Ismail, S.M. 2010. Design and Management of Field Irrigation Systems. Monshaat El-Maarief, Alexandria. 645 pages. ISBN 977-03-1075-1.

Hachum, A. Y., and H. I. Yasin. (1988). Effect of Riser Height and Pressure on Uniformity of Sprinkler Irrigation. Engineering and Technology Journal, Special Issue.

Smail, S and M. May. (2013) Water productivity of cropping pattern in Demo Farms. Bustan Agricultural Development Project. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Egypt. European Commission No SEM/02/220/039 and SEM/03/220/042

Robert, W.H., and K. Heton. (2001). Sprinkler water use and irrigation time, Kane County, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.

Dutt, S. (2005). A Handbook of Agriculture. ABD Publishers, India. Pp 116-118.

Gardner, W. H. (1965). Water content. Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 1 Physical and Mineralogical Properties, Including Statistics of Measurement and Sampling, 9, 82-127. ‏

Hillel, D. (1980). Fundamentals of soil physics. Academic Press, New York.

Khedr, A. F. (2020). Optimum Operating Conditions for Impact Sprinkler. Journal of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Engineering, 11(7), 325–332.

Mansour, H. A., Abd El-Hady, M., Eldardiry, E. I., and Aziz, A. M. (2019). Wheat crop yield and water use as influenced by sprinkler irrigation uniformity. Plant Archives, 19(2), 2296–2303.

Mohamed, A. E., Hamed, A. M. N., Ali, A. A. M., and Abdalhi, M. A. M. (2019). Effect of Weather Conditions, Operating Pressure and Riser Height on the Performance of Sprinkler Irrigation System. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 12(1), 1–9.

Rasheed, S. A., and Al-Adili, A. (2016). Sprinkler Irrigation Systems and Water Saving, A Case Study from South of Iraq. Engineering and Technology Journal, 34(4 Part (A) Engineering).

Rawal, S. (2017). IOT based smart irrigation system. International Journal of Computer Applications, 159(8), 7–11.

Sor, K., and Bertrand, A. R. (1962). Effects of rainfall energy on the permeability of soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 26(3), 293–297.

الدوري، سعد احمد محمد أحمد , 2002 . استجابة نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء كعلف أخضر للتسميد النتروجيني تحت كثافات نباتية وأطوار حش مختلقة. رسالة ماجستير- كلية الزراعة والغابات-جامعة الموصل.

الساهوكي، مدحت مجيد . 1990 . الذرة الصفراء انتاجها وتحسينها . وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي . جامعة بغداد.

المعيني ، اياد حسين ومدحت مجيد الساهوكي , 1987 . استجابة الذرة الصفراء لعمق الحراثة والتمريز. مجلة زانكو . 5 (2) : 180-197 .

المنظمة العربية للتنمية الزراعية. 2013. الكتاب السنوي للإحصائيات الزراعية العربية، الجدول (53).

(جاسم ، عبد الرزاق عبد اللطيف و شذى ماجد نفاوه ، 2017) . كتاب معدات ري وبزل ، الدار الجامعية للطباعة والنشر والترجمة.



How to Cite

Jasim, A. A., & Ibrahim, khaldoun. (2023). The possibility of using smart irrigation in the fixed sprinkler irrigation system and its impact on the performance of the system and the growth and production of the maize yield . Journal of Water Resources and Geosciences, 2(1), 53–67. Retrieved from