Evaluation of Al-Hawizeh marsh environment Southern of Iraq using Integrated Biological Index (IBI)
Keywords:Integrated Biological Index, Richness metrics, Trophic metrics, Al-Hawizeh, World Heritage
This study to evaluate the Al-Hawizeh marsh environment using the Integrated Biological Index (IBI) after inscribed on the World Heritage. The study extended from December 2017 to November 2018. A total of 28959 individuals of fish which belong to 17 genera, 9 families and 19 species, fourteen metrics were selected for measurement (IBI) from the following major groups to assess the environment of Al-Hawizeh marsh, Species richness, Species composition and Trophic Guilds metrics. The overall Integrated Biological Index value achieved (57.71%) and which inscribed within the impaired category, the average Integrated Biological Index values of four study stations achieved 60.80, 60.88, 58.82 and 50.32% respectively.
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