Evaluation of Al-Hawizeh marsh environment Southern of Iraq using Integrated Biological Index (IBI)


  • Basim M. Hubain Al-Thahaibawi Ministry of Environment/Directorate Environment of Maysan. Maysan, Iraq
  • Kadhim H. Younis Department of Marine Vertebrates, Marine Science Centre, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
  • Ithar K.A.Al-Mayaly Department of Biology, College of Science , University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


Integrated Biological Index, Richness metrics, Trophic metrics, Al-Hawizeh, World Heritage


This study to evaluate the Al-Hawizeh marsh environment using the Integrated Biological Index (IBI) after inscribed on the World Heritage. The study extended from December 2017 to November 2018. A total of   28959 individuals of fish which belong to 17 genera, 9 families and 19 species, fourteen metrics were selected for measurement (IBI) from the following major groups to assess the environment of Al-Hawizeh marsh, Species richness, Species composition and Trophic Guilds metrics. The overall Integrated Biological Index value achieved (57.71%) and which inscribed within the impaired category, the average Integrated Biological Index values of four study stations achieved 60.80, 60.88, 58.82 and 50.32% respectively.


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How to Cite

Althahaibawi, B., Younis, K. H. ., & Al-Mayaly, I. K. A. (2023). Evaluation of Al-Hawizeh marsh environment Southern of Iraq using Integrated Biological Index (IBI) . Journal of Water Resources and Geosciences, 2(1), 132–154. Retrieved from https://jwrg.gov.iq/index.php/jwrg/article/view/54